1. Year of establishment : 1973
2. Statutory Status
Re-established under Section 47 and operates autonomously under section 48 of the Statute of Nepal Bar Association 1991.
3. Types of Membership
Foundation Members: Any Senior Advocate or Advocate on the role of advocates of the Supreme Court whenever in active practice or not paying Rs. 10.00 ($1.00 then current exchange rate) as entrance fee and Rs. 5.00 ($ 0.50 then current exchange rate) as monthly fee at the time of the Establishment shall be a founder member.
Life Members: N/A
Ordinary Members: Any senior advocate or advocate on the roll of advocates of the Supreme Court in active practice shall on his paying a sum of Rs. 10,000.00 ($ 133.00 current exchange rate) as of entrance fee and not less than Rs. 1,630.00 ($ 21.00 current exchange rate) for Junior and 19,30.00 ($ 25.00 current exchange rate) for senior advocates annually after the establishment of Association be eligible to be an ordinary member.
Honorary Members: The Executive Committee may appoint a person as an Honorary Member on account of his meritorious service to the profession, the science of law, to the maintenance and reform of the administration of justice, to the maintenance and support of free and democratic form of Government, access to justice or to the maintenance and promotion of the Rule of Law, independence of judiciary and Human Rights.
Ex-Officio Members: N/A
Corporate Members: N/A
4. Number of Members
35 Senior Advocates an 465 advocates as individual members practicing and developing expertise in diversified spectrum of legal disciplines, (including Human Right, Legal Aid, Corporate Law, International Law, Constitutional Law, Access to Justice, Transnational Justice, Reintegration and Reconciliation, ADR, Criminal Law, Civil Law etc).
6. Executives and Officers
- President (1)
- Vice Presidents (1)
- Secretary (1)
- Treasurer (1)
7. Tenure of Executive Committee
- Two (2) years
8. Formation of Executive committee
To be elected from amongst the general members of Supreme Court Bar Association.
Attorney System in this Country:
There are other Bar Associations in our Country at the National, Appellate and District Level. In addition to the Supreme Court Bar Association of Nepal, there is Nepal Bar Association at the National Level. In Kathmandu, there is Patan Appellate Court and there is Patan Appellate court Bar Association. Likewise many Appellate Courts have Appellate Court Bar Associations at the Appellate Level. Similarly, there are District Court Bar Associations at lower subordinate level. In Nepal, the Presidents and Executives of all Bar Associations are elected by election among the members there. Supreme Court Bar Association has close tie with all the Courts and Bar Associations across the country.
2. Number of Attorneys:
Chapter V of the Bar Council Act of Nepal, 1993 provides for three types of lawyers, namely, Senior Advocates, Advocates and Pleaders. Every lawyer who has passed the Bar Council Exam and has obtained license is entitled to plead as well as to act as a council and attorney. But Pleader is not allowed to plead in the Supreme Court.
3. Code of Ethics and/or Rules of Professional Conduct:
Code of Conduct of the Legal Practitioners, 1994 framed by the Bar Council, governs professional code and ethical conduct.
4. Disciplinary Actions
The Bar Council of Nepal takes disciplinary actions against the Lawyers. Penalty in the form of warning, suspension and cancellation of license can be imposed against the accused Lawyer depending upon the gravity of the case. But before taking any action right to hearing shall be given to the accused Lawyer.
5. Practices by Foreign Attorneys
Section 25 of Bar Council Act provides that any Lawyer who has obtained license from any foreign country may be allowed to practice in any specific court by the approval of that specific court in any specific case.